What Are The Takeoff Procedures And Speeds Of The Aircraft?


What Is The Take-Off Procedure Of The Planes?

Because airlines continue their flights regularly, it is not possible for planes to stay on the ground for long periods of time. Aircraft must take off immediately after the turnaround period. According to aviation procedures, a 35-minute period is prescribed for the aircraft to take off from the parking lot. Pilots take their place in the cockpit in a manner that has carried out external controls, taking flight plans to perform their new flights. The situations that planes face during the take-off process have different concepts for pilots, air traffic control officers and ground officials. When the aircraft is ready to withdraw from the bellows, the first stage of the flight takes place when our pilot in charge of the flight asks ground control for permission to withdraw from the parking area via radio to the area where he will perform the flight. The aircraft is activated by the pilots starting the engine of the aircraft, ensuring its proper position. The aircraft is connected to the taxi by requesting ground movements after the propulsion process. It is expected that the instruction will be given when it is requested to switch to the ground control tower frequency. A departure permit is expected by making the necessary preparations for the aircraft moving towards the runway. In case of delays due to any cause, pilots notify the tower in time to avoid possible problems. The pilot, who receives permission to take off from the tower, continues to take off without any stop at the beginning of the runway with a Rolling take-off. The pilot receiving permission to take off must take action between 5-10 seconds. After take-off, depending on runway traffic, the aircraft that enters the route continues its course at low speed, allowing the aircraft to take off at the highest flight level. After the pilots land the plane, they are examined through challenge cards to the parking area without wasting time in accordance with taxi instructions. All of these considerations mentioned above include aircraft procedures from starting the engine in the cockpit to landing in the parking area.

What Is The Take-off Speed Of The Planes?

Planes need to take off to get away from the ground, and without a certain speed, it is impossible to do so. You may have heard that the planes ‘ take-off speed was around 300 km/h before they took off. Behind the aeration lies the “Bernoulli Principle” (the basic principle of Fluid Mechanics). As the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure in the liquid decreases. Aircraft wings are designed to have convex upper surfaces and flat lower surfaces. This, in turn, leads to the airflow at the top of the wing moving faster than at the bottom. In other words, the airflow passing through the upper part of the wing should achieve a longer path during the same time period. In this case, the “Bernoulli Principle” says that the pressure under the wing will be higher than the pressure above it; in this case, it allows the aircraft to take off. In this application, it is also necessary to consider the force of air adhesion to the wings and viscous (resulting from non-flow). The aerodynamic aeration theory of the aircraft is complex, but in this theory, it is obvious that the airflow around the wing follows a wavy path of motion, which also has an effect on the plane’s progress. The speed of air circulation affects the speed of airflow on the wing, while it acts in the opposite direction on the lower part of the wing, which allows the aircraft to take off.

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