Boeing Model 40 is the first aircraft to be produced by Boeing for passenger transport.
The plane took its first flight on July 20, 1925.
Originally produced for the US postal tender in 1925, but was eliminated against its rival Douglas M-2.
Boeing gained the operating rights of the San Francisco-Chicago line in 1927 with this plane with a capacity of two passengers and started flights on July 1, 1927.
Approximately 80 number of this Model 40 aircraft, which have some different models, were produced.
The Boeing 247 is one of the older aircraft models which produced by the company.
After making its first test flight on February 8, 1933, it was officially put into service on May 22, 1933.
It is considered to be the first aircraft to incorporate all of the features such as semi-monocoque fuselage made entirely of metal, retractable landing gear, cantivered wings.
The Boeing 247 also has advanced technologies of the time such as autopilot and deicing.
This aircraft, which was produced 75 in total, was largely (60) used by Boeing Air Transport, whose name was later changed to United Airlines.
The 307, a derivative of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, made its first flight on December 31, 1938, and officially put into service on July 8, 1940.
Boeing Model 307 Stratoliner is the first commercial air transportation vehicle with a pressurized cab.
This allows you to travel at a high altitude at that time, like 6.000 meters, increasing the comfort of traveling by plane.
The Boeing 307 also holds the title of being the first aircraft to have a flight engineer on the crew of the aircraft landing.
Only 10 of the Boeing 307, which served until 1975, were produced.
The Boeing 314 Clipper is a long-range seaplane manufactured by Boeing between 1938-1914.
The first Boeing 314, named Honolu Clipper, put into service on the San Francisco-Hong Kong route in January 1939.
It made its first flight on June 7, 1938.
One of the largest vehicles of its time, the 314 has used the wing structure of a prototype XB-15 type bomber airplane.
Only 12 were produced by the request of Pan Am.
3 of these orders were sold to the British BOAC company before to the delivery in 1941.
The Boeing 707 is a passenger jet aircraft which has medium-size, narrow-body and four-engines.
It was produced by the Boeing company between 1958-1979.
It is the company's first passenger plane with a jet engine.
Although it is not the first passenger aircraft with jet engines in the world, it is the first model to achieve commercial and operational success.
For many years, Boeing 707 has been the leading player role in films that have been talking about the airline industry.
Its most important rival in the early years was a DOUGLAS DC-8 type passenger plane.
The Boeing 717 made its first flight on September 2, 1998.
The year 1997 is a milestone for MD-95.
The new aircraft, generally called the MD-90, and specifically the MD-95, representing the year 1995 when it will be put into service, was put into service in the Delta Air Lines fleet in April 1995.
Boeing 717, positioned in the regional jet segment, could not resist against the competition of Embraer and Bombardier.
The two most recently produced Boeing 717s were delivered to Midwest Airlines and AirTran Airways on May 23, 2006.
Boeing 727 is a passenger jet aircraft which has a medium-sized, narrow-body and three-engines.
It made its first flight on February 9, 1963.
The auxiliary power unit (APU), which allows passenger aircraft to start their electrical systems and air conditioners without starting their engines on the ground, was used for the first time in the Boeing 727.
In addition, the Boeing 727 has made the history of world civil aviation due to an extraordinary hijacking.
It has been used extensively, especially by US companies, on domestic flights.
The Boeing 757 is a short to medium range, twin-engine, narrow body, medium-sized passenger jet aircraft.
It is Boeing's largest single-aisle aircraft.
Boeing 757, which made its first test flight on February 19, 1982, was officially put into service in the Eastern Air Lines fleet from January 1, 1983.
Its main users were Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, American Airlines and UPS Airlines.
A total of 1,050 Boeing 757s were manufactured over a period of more than twenty years. 913 of them are the 757-200 model.
The Boeing 767 is a passenger jet aircraft that is a medium-to-long-range, twin-engine, wide-body, and medium-sized.
It is the first wide-body twin-engine passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing.
The Boeing 767 achieved the title of the first twin-engine passenger aircraft to be ETOPS certified in 1985.
Its main users are American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, All Nippon Airways and United Airlines.
The 767-300ER model is by far the most popular version, with over 550 deliveries.
While its rivals in the first years were the Airbus A300 and Airbus A310, in the following years it has been competing with the Airbus A330-200 model.
Airbus A300 is the first aircraft produced by Airbus, a company founded by the leading governments of Europe.
It also holds the title of the first wide-body passenger aircraft to be produced with twin engines.
It performed its first test flight on 28 October 1972.
The Airbus A300 officially entered service on May 30, 1974 under the Air France flag, marking a milestone in the history of aircraft production.
A total number of 561 Airbus A300 aircraft, which ceased to be produced in July 2007, were produced.
There is also a cargo version called A300-600F.
Airbus A310 is a medium-long range, twin-engine, wide-body jet passenger aircraft.
It is the second model produced by Airbus, after the A300, which has the title of the first widebody aircraft with a twin engine.
The success achieved in the A300 and A310 models enabled European Airbus to stand as a competitor to US companies, especially Boeing, and enabled them to develop models such as the A320, A330 and A340.
The A310 has been marketed especially to developing airline companies with the motto of entering wide-body aircraft operations.
From this point of view, the Airbus A310, which Turkish Airlines added to its fleet in the mid-1980s after the unfortunate DC-10 operation, seems to be an appropriate choice in wide-body aircraft operation.
Airbus A318 is a short-medium range, twin-engine, narrow body jet passenger aircraft.
It is the smallest member of Airbus A320 family.
It officially put into service in the Frontier Airlines fleet in July 2003.
The reasons such as the fact that the date of commissioning was not very bright for the airline industry after September 11, seat capacity and the Pratt & Whitney type engines used in the first stage consumed more fuel compared to their compeers, causing the A318 to remain far from the targeted sales figures.
With 18 A318s in its fleet, Air France is the leading customer of this model.
Airbus A319 is a short-medium range, twin-engine, narrow-body passenger jet aircraft.
After A318, it is the smallest member of Airbus' A320 family.
A319 is also known as "minus 7 moldings ".
A319 is obtained by removing four molding from the front part of the wings of an A320 and three moldings from the part remaining from the rear.
As of July 2012, 1519 Airbus A319 orders were placed; 1338 of these were delivered.
In terms of the number of orders, A319 constitutes 18% of the Airbus A320 family.
Airbus A321 is a short-medium range, twin-engine, narrow - body jet passenger aircraft.
It is the longest-bodied model of the Airbus A320 family.
The A321 made its first test flight on 11 March 1993.
As of the end of July 2012, a total of 1,175 A321 orders were received. Currently, 727 of these have been delivered to airline companies.
According to these figures, A321 has a share of 14% in the entire A320 family.
A321 has two different models as -100 and -200. Airlines prefer the -200 version, which is rather long-range.
Airbus A340; is a long-range, four-engine, wide-body jet passenger aircraft.
It was developed in parallel with the A330, another aircraft of Airbus in the same segment.
Except for a few differences, it has a substantially similar structure to the twin-engine A330.
The most preferred version of the A340 was -300 with 218 units.
With a press release from Airbus on 10 November 2011, it was announced that the A340 project has come to an end.
Airbus reported that it is discontinuing the A340 model in light of "changing market dynamics".
The Caproni Ca.60, called the Transaereo, was the Noviplano (nine-wing) or Capronissimo, the prototype of a large nine-wing flying boat intended to make 100 passengers transatlantic.
The plane contained eight engines and three sets of triple wings.
Designed by Gianni Caproni, the pioneer of Italian aviation, only one example of this aircraft was made by the company Caproni.
It was tested on Lake Maggiore in 1921: its short first flight took place on February 12 or March 2.
Its second flight was March 4; Shortly after takeoff, the plane crashed to the water surface and dispersed upon impact. The Ca.60 was further damaged when the wreck was pulled ashore, and despite Caproni's intention to rebuild the plane, the project was soon abandoned due to its excessive cost. Several surviving pieces are on display at the Gianni Caproni Aviation Museum and at the Volandia aviation museum.
The Tupolev Tu-144 is the world's first supersonic transport aircraft, designed in the USSR at the Tupolev design office, under the direction of Alexei Tupolev.
Western observers have named the Tu-144 "Concordski" because of its similarity to the Concorde.
The Tu-144 first crossed the speed of sound on June 5, 1969.
On July 15, 1969, it became the first commercial transport aircraft to exceed Mach 2 speed and the fastest commercial aircraft in world history.
At the Paris Air Show, on June 3, 1973, the project was badly damaged when the first Tu-144S production plane crashed. The plane fell to pieces in the air due to the excessive load on the carrier system as a result of a very harsh nose-down manoeuvre during the demonstration flight. The plane destroyed 15 houses in total, causing the deaths of six people inside it and eight people on the ground.
De Havilland Comet is the passenger plane, introduced by the British company De Havilland as "the world's first jet-powered passenger plane" and made its first flight on July 27, 1949, and its first commercial flight in May 1952.
In the first models of Comet, "metal fatigue" was observed, which caused serious aircraft accidents.
Comet 1, the first of the Comet series, was smashed due to metal fatigue 20 minutes after take-off while on the Rome-London expedition on January 10, 1954, and no survivors of the 29 passengers and 6 crew.
Two mysterious accidents that occurred right after the take-off on January 10, 1954, and April 8, 1954, led the British authorities to investigate Comet, and metal fatigue caused by air pressure was detected in the Comet's, and changes were made to the body and design of the aircraft and returned to the skies in 1958 with the Comet 4 model.
Aero Spacelines Super Guppy is a wide-bodied cargo plane that was developed from the C-97 Stratofreighter type aircraft to transport large and unfit-style cargo from one place to another.
It made its first flight in 1965, and Guppy's users included world-renowned companies such as Aero Spacelines, Airbus, NASA, and Aeromaritime.
This plane, which the Airbus company used to transport aircraft parts before the '70s, was an idea for the Airbus Beluga model to be produced by the Airbus company in the '80s.
Although known as Beluga for short in the airline industry, this aircraft, whose full name is A300-600ST, is derived from the A300, the first model produced by Airbus.
The parts needed in the early years of the company were transported by cargo planes derived from the Boeing Stratocruiser, which led to the obscene statement that "Every Airbus is delivered through the wings of a Boeing."
That is why Airbus, which wants to transport its own parts with its own aircraft, modified the A300 model to be a bit of a quick solution and produced this plane called the "Super Transporter", which is publicly named as Beluga.
Concorde is an aircraft designed as a passenger plane.
The first man in the world to fly faster than sound, II. It was Charles Yeager, one of the World War II pilots.
On the way to the construction of the Concorde, the first idea emerged in 1956, and for this purpose, a committee called the " Supersonic Aircraft Committee" was established in England for the first time.
Concorde aircraft is designed as Supersonic.
On 25 July 2000, its flights was stopped with an accident 1.5 minutes after its departure from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. It has been discontinued due to its low reliability, high cost, and limited passenger capacity. The last commercial flight of Concorde planes took place between London and New York on October 24, 2003.
Antonov An-74 is a Soviet-made jet cargo plane manufactured by Antonov.
The aircraft is a variant of the An-72 and is also known by the nickname Cheburashka due to its large engines on its wings.
The An-74 was an upgrade of the An-72 test aircraft originally intended for use in the Arctic and Antarctica.
The main purpose of the aircraft is to provide cargo, equipment, and personnel on short and medium-range routes in any climatic conditions ranging from -60 to 45 ° C (-76 to 113 ° F) and in any latitude, including airline.
It can take off and land on low-grade runways such as concrete, pebble, ice, and snow airports.
Antonov An-2 is a Soviet-made agricultural and transport aircraft manufactured by Antonov.
The aircraft provided a long service life thanks to its remarkable durability, high lift power, ability to take off from weak runways and land on the ground.
The An-2 was produced until 2001 and has been used by military and civilian users worldwide.
The plane is powered by a single-engine and has a capacity of one pilot and five passengers.
The early Malibus was all piston-engined, but a turboprop version that was introduced as the Malibu Meridian but now called the M500 is also available.
Currently, Piper offers M350, M500, and M600 in its PA-46 family.
The PA-46 was the third single-engine piston aircraft with a pressurized cabin to reach the market after the Mooney M22 and Cessna P210 Centurion and is the only aircraft still in production.
Boeing 377, also called Stratocruiser, was produced after the Second World War and was a large passenger plane at that time.
It is derived from the C-97 Stratofreighter, a military transport aircraft used in warfare.
It made its first flight on July 8, 1947.
The aircraft, with four piston engines, had a pressurized cabin. There is also a lower cabin in the section that coincides with the rear of the wings.
It has made cross-ocean flights more comfortable and faster.